PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
CA-2002-25 Integer Overflow In XDR Library
release date: August 05, 2002
Last revised: --
revision history can be found at the end of this file.
using vulnerable implementations of SunRPC-derived XDR
libraries, which include, but are not limited to:
Microsystems network services library (libnsl)
* BSD-derived libraries with XDR/RPC routines (libc)
* GNU C library with sunrpc (glibc)
is an integer overflow present in the xdr_array() function
distributed as part of the Sun Microsystems XDR library. This overflow
has been shown to lead to remotely exploitable buffer overflows in
multiple applications, leading to the execution of arbitrary code.
Although the library was originally distributed by Sun Microsystems,
multiple vendors have included the vulnerable code in their own
(external data representation) libraries are used to provide
platform-independent methods for sending data from one system process
to another, typically over a network connection. Such routines are
commonly used in remote procedure call (RPC) implementations to
provide transparency to application programmers who need to use common
interfaces to interact with many different types of systems. The
xdr_array() function in the XDR library provided by Sun Microsystems
contains an integer overflow that can lead to improperly sized dynamic
memory allocation. Subsequent problems like buffer overflows may
result, depending on how and where the vulnerable xdr_array() function
is currently being tracked as VU#192995 by the CERT/CC and
CAN-2002-0391 in the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE)
SunRPC-derived XDR libraries are used by a variety of vendors
in a variety of applications, this defect may lead to a number of
differing security problems. Exploiting this vulnerability will lead
to denial of service, execution of arbitrary code, or the disclosure
of sensitive information.
impacts reported include the ability to execute arbitrary
code with root privileges (by exploiting dmispd, rpc.cmsd, or kadmind,
for example). In addition, intruders who exploit the XDR overflow in
MIT KRB5 kadmind may be able to gain control of a Key Distribution
Center (KDC) and improperly authenticate to other services within a
trusted Kerberos realm.
patch from your vendor
A contains information provided by vendors for this advisory.
As vendors report new information to the CERT/CC, we will update this
section and note the changes in our revision history. If a particular
vendor is not listed below or in the vulnerability note, we have not
received their comments. Please contact your vendor directly.
XDR libraries can be used by multiple applications on most
systems. It may be necessary to upgrade or apply multiple patches and
then recompile statically linked applications.
that are statically linked must be recompiled using
patched libraries. Applications that are dynamically linked do not
need to be recompiled; however, running services need to be restarted
in order to use the patched libraries.
administrators should consider the following process when
addressing this issue:
or obtain updated XDR/RPC libraries.
2. Restart any dynamically linked services that make use of the
3. Recompile any statically linked applications using the patched or
updated XDR/RPC libraries.
access to vulnerable services or applications
patches are available and can be applied, you may wish to
disable access to services or applications compiled with the
vulnerable xdr_array() function. Such applications include, but are
not limited to, the following:
Service Provider daemon (dmispd)
* CDE Calendar Manager Service daemon (rpc.cmsd)
* MIT Kerberos 5 Administration daemon (kadmind)
As a best
practice, the CERT/CC recommends disabling all services that
are not explicitly required.
A. - Vendor Information
contains information provided by vendors for this
advisory. As vendors report new information to the CERT/CC, we will
update this section and note the changes in our revision history. If
particular vendor is not listed below or in the individual
vulnerability notes, we have not received their comments.
described in this note is fixed with Security Update
GNU/Linux distribution was vulnerable with regard to the
the XDR problem as stated above with the following vulnerability
Kerberos5 GNU libc
_______ _________ ________
Debian 2.2 (potato) not included not included vulnerable
Debian 3.0 (woody) vulnerable(DSA 142-1) vulnerable(DSA 143-1) vulnerable
Debian unstable (sid) vulnerable(DSA 142-1) vulnerable(DSA 143-1) vulnerable
the following advisories were raised recently which contain
and announced fixes:
OpenAFS (safe version are: 1.2.3final2-6 (woody) and
Kerberos5 (safe version are: 1.2.4-5woody1 (woody) and
for the GNU libc is pending, it is currently being
recompiled. The fixed versions will probably be:
2.2 (potato) glibc 2.1.3-23 or later
Debian 3.0 (woody) glibc 2.2.5-11 or later
Debian unstable (sid) glibc 2.2.5-12 or later
2.2.5 and earlier versions of the GNU C Library are
vulnerable. For Version 2.2.5, we suggest the following patch. This
patch is also available from the GNU C Library CVS repository at:
Jakub Jelinek <firstname.lastname@example.org>
(xdr_array): Check for overflow on
multiplication. Patch by Solar Designer <email@example.com>.
of diff available in CVS repository link above --CERT/CC ]
RPC XDR buffer overflow
time of writing this document, Hewlett Packard is currently
investigating the potential impact to HP's released operating System
information becomes available HP will provide notice of the
availability of any necessary patches through standard security
bulletin announcements and be available from your normal HP Services
Networks SDX-300 Service Deployment System (SSC) does use
XDR for communication with an ERX edge router, but does not make use
of the Sun RPC libraries. The SDX-300 product is not vulnerable to the
Sun RPC XDR buffer overflow as outlined in this CERT advisory.
and heimdal are not vulnerable to this problem since they do
not use any Sun RPC at all.
is available directly:
detached PGP signature should be used to verify the
authenticity and integrity of the patch:
is currently conducting an investigation based on this
report. We will update this advisory with information once it is
systems are not vulnerable to this problem.
is an affected vendor for this vulnerability.
how we have dealt with the issue.
integer overflow was present in the glibc package on
Openwall GNU/*/Linux until 2002/08/01 when it was corrected for
Owl-current and documented as a security fix in the system-wide change
log available at:
glibc package update also fixes a very similar but different
calloc(3) integer overflow possibility that is currently not known to
allow for an attack on a particular application, but has been patched
as a proactive measure. The Sun RPC xdr_array(3) overflow may allow
for passive attacks on mount(8) by malicious or spoofed NFSv3 servers
as well as for both passive and active attacks on RPC clients or
services that one might install on Owl. (There're no RPC services
included with Owl.)
distributes affected packages glibc and Kerberos in all Red
Hat Linux distributions. We are currently working on producing errata
packages, when complete these will be available along with our
advisory at the URLs below. At the same time users of the Red Hat
Network will be able to update their systems using the 'up2date' tool.
http://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2002-172.html (Kerberos 5)
currently looking into the matter, per:
confirm that there is a type overflow vulnerability in the
xdr_array(3NSL) function which is part of the network services
library, libnsl(3LIB), on Solaris 2.5.1 through 9. Sun has published
Sun Alert 46122 which describes the issue, applications affected, and
workaround information. The Sun Alert will be updated as more
information or patches become available and is located here:
be publishing a Sun Security Bulletin for this issue once all
of the patches are available which will be located at:
B. - References
entry for xdr_array(3)
5. Sun Alert 46122
6. Security Alert MITKRB5-SA-2002-001-xdr
7. Flaw in calloc and similar routines, Florian Weimer, University of
Stuttgart, RUS-CERT, 2002-08-05
to Sun Microsystems for working with the CERT/CC to make this
document possible. The initial vulnerability research and
demonstration was performed by Internet Security Systems (ISS).
Jeffrey S. Havrilla and Cory F. Cohen.
is available from:
Phone: +1 412-268-7090 (24-hour hotline)
Fax: +1 412-268-6989
CERT Coordination Center
Software Engineering Institute
Carnegie Mellon University
Pittsburgh PA 15213-3890
personnel answer the hotline 08:00-17:00 EST(GMT-5) /
EDT(GMT-4) Monday through Friday; they are on call for emergencies
during other hours, on U.S. holidays, and on weekends.
urge you to encrypt sensitive information sent by email.
Our public PGP key is available from
prefer to use DES, please call the CERT hotline for more
and other security information are available from
our web site
to the CERT mailing list for advisories and bulletins,
send email to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please include in the body of your
and "CERT Coordination Center" are registered in the U.S.
Patent and Trademark Office.
Any material furnished by Carnegie Mellon University and the Software
Engineering Institute is furnished on an "as is" basis. Carnegie
Mellon University makes no warranties of any kind, either expressed
implied as to any matter including, but not limited to, warranty of
fitness for a particular purpose or merchantability, exclusivity or
results obtained from use of the material. Carnegie Mellon University
does not make any warranty of any kind with respect to freedom from
patent, trademark, or copyright infringement.
for use, disclaimers, and sponsorship information
2002 Carnegie Mellon University.
August 05, 2002: Initial release
Version: PGP 6.5.8
-----END PGP SIGNATURE-----