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CA-2002-25 Integer Overflow In XDR Library

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CERT Advisory CA-2002-25 Integer Overflow In XDR Library

Original release date: August 05, 2002
Last revised: --
Source: CERT/CC

A complete revision history can be found at the end of this file.

Systems Affected

Applications using vulnerable implementations of SunRPC-derived XDR
libraries, which include, but are not limited to:

* Sun Microsystems network services library (libnsl)
* BSD-derived libraries with XDR/RPC routines (libc)
* GNU C library with sunrpc (glibc)

Overview

There is an integer overflow present in the xdr_array() function
distributed as part of the Sun Microsystems XDR library. This overflow
has been shown to lead to remotely exploitable buffer overflows in
multiple applications, leading to the execution of arbitrary code.
Although the library was originally distributed by Sun Microsystems,
multiple vendors have included the vulnerable code in their own
implementations.

I. Description

The XDR (external data representation) libraries are used to provide
platform-independent methods for sending data from one system process
to another, typically over a network connection. Such routines are
commonly used in remote procedure call (RPC) implementations to
provide transparency to application programmers who need to use common
interfaces to interact with many different types of systems. The
xdr_array() function in the XDR library provided by Sun Microsystems
contains an integer overflow that can lead to improperly sized dynamic
memory allocation. Subsequent problems like buffer overflows may
result, depending on how and where the vulnerable xdr_array() function
is used.

This issue is currently being tracked as VU#192995 by the CERT/CC and
CAN-2002-0391 in the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE)
dictionary.

II. Impact

Because SunRPC-derived XDR libraries are used by a variety of vendors
in a variety of applications, this defect may lead to a number of
differing security problems. Exploiting this vulnerability will lead
to denial of service, execution of arbitrary code, or the disclosure
of sensitive information.

Specific impacts reported include the ability to execute arbitrary
code with root privileges (by exploiting dmispd, rpc.cmsd, or kadmind,
for example). In addition, intruders who exploit the XDR overflow in
MIT KRB5 kadmind may be able to gain control of a Key Distribution
Center (KDC) and improperly authenticate to other services within a
trusted Kerberos realm.

III. Solution

Apply a patch from your vendor

Appendix A contains information provided by vendors for this advisory.
As vendors report new information to the CERT/CC, we will update this
section and note the changes in our revision history. If a particular
vendor is not listed below or in the vulnerability note, we have not
received their comments. Please contact your vendor directly.

Note that XDR libraries can be used by multiple applications on most
systems. It may be necessary to upgrade or apply multiple patches and
then recompile statically linked applications.

Applications that are statically linked must be recompiled using
patched libraries. Applications that are dynamically linked do not
need to be recompiled; however, running services need to be restarted
in order to use the patched libraries.

System administrators should consider the following process when
addressing this issue:

1. Patch or obtain updated XDR/RPC libraries.
2. Restart any dynamically linked services that make use of the
XDR/RPC libraries.
3. Recompile any statically linked applications using the patched or
updated XDR/RPC libraries.

Disable access to vulnerable services or applications

Until patches are available and can be applied, you may wish to
disable access to services or applications compiled with the
vulnerable xdr_array() function. Such applications include, but are
not limited to, the following:

* DMI Service Provider daemon (dmispd)
* CDE Calendar Manager Service daemon (rpc.cmsd)
* MIT Kerberos 5 Administration daemon (kadmind)

As a best practice, the CERT/CC recommends disabling all services that
are not explicitly required.

Appendix A. - Vendor Information

This appendix contains information provided by vendors for this
advisory. As vendors report new information to the CERT/CC, we will
update this section and note the changes in our revision history. If a
particular vendor is not listed below or in the individual
vulnerability notes, we have not received their comments.

Apple Computer, Inc.

The vulnerability described in this note is fixed with Security Update
2002-08-02.

Debian GNU/Linux

The Debian GNU/Linux distribution was vulnerable with regard to the
the XDR problem as stated above with the following vulnerability
matrix:

OpenAFS Kerberos5 GNU libc
_______ _________ ________
Debian 2.2 (potato) not included not included vulnerable
Debian 3.0 (woody) vulnerable(DSA 142-1) vulnerable(DSA 143-1) vulnerable
Debian unstable (sid) vulnerable(DSA 142-1) vulnerable(DSA 143-1) vulnerable

However, the following advisories were raised recently which contain
and announced fixes:

DSA 142-1 OpenAFS (safe version are: 1.2.3final2-6 (woody) and
1.2.6-1 (sid))

DSA 143-1 Kerberos5 (safe version are: 1.2.4-5woody1 (woody) and
1.2.5-2 (sid))

The advisory for the GNU libc is pending, it is currently being
recompiled. The fixed versions will probably be:

Debian 2.2 (potato) glibc 2.1.3-23 or later
Debian 3.0 (woody) glibc 2.2.5-11 or later
Debian unstable (sid) glibc 2.2.5-12 or later

GNU glibc

Version 2.2.5 and earlier versions of the GNU C Library are
vulnerable. For Version 2.2.5, we suggest the following patch. This
patch is also available from the GNU C Library CVS repository at:

http://sources.redhat.com/cgi-bin/cvsweb.cgi/libc/sunrpc/xdr_array.
c.diff?r1=1.5&r2=1.5.2.1&cvsroot=glibc

2002-08-02 Jakub Jelinek <jakub@redhat.com>

* sunrpc/xdr_array.c (xdr_array): Check for overflow on
multiplication. Patch by Solar Designer <solar@openwall.com>.

[ text of diff available in CVS repository link above --CERT/CC ]

FreeBSD, Inc.

Please see
ftp://ftp.freebsd.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-02:34.rpc
.asc

Hewlett-Packard Company

SOURCE: Hewlett-Packard Company

RE: Potential RPC XDR buffer overflow

At the time of writing this document, Hewlett Packard is currently
investigating the potential impact to HP's released operating System
software products.

As further information becomes available HP will provide notice of the
availability of any necessary patches through standard security
bulletin announcements and be available from your normal HP Services
support channel.

Juniper Networks

The Juniper Networks SDX-300 Service Deployment System (SSC) does use
XDR for communication with an ERX edge router, but does not make use
of the Sun RPC libraries. The SDX-300 product is not vulnerable to the
Sun RPC XDR buffer overflow as outlined in this CERT advisory.

KTH and Heimdal Kerberos

kth-krb and heimdal are not vulnerable to this problem since they do
not use any Sun RPC at all.

MIT Kerberos Development Team

Please see
http://web.mit.edu/kerberos/www/advisories/MITKRB5-SA-2002-001-xdr.txt

The patch is available directly:
http://web.mit.edu/kerberos/www/advisories/2002-001-xdr_array_patch.txt

The following detached PGP signature should be used to verify the
authenticity and integrity of the patch:

http://web.mit.edu/kerberos/www/advisories/2002-001-xdr_array_patch.tx
t.asc

Microsoft Corporation

Microsoft is currently conducting an investigation based on this
report. We will update this advisory with information once it is
complete.

NetBSD

Please see
ftp://ftp.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD/security/advisories/NetBSD-SA2002-011.
txt.asc

Network Appliance

NetApp systems are not vulnerable to this problem.

OpenAFS

OpenAFS is an affected vendor for this vulnerability.
http://www.openafs.org/pages/security/OPENAFS-SA-2002-001.txt details
how we have dealt with the issue.

Openwall Project

The xdr_array(3) integer overflow was present in the glibc package on
Openwall GNU/*/Linux until 2002/08/01 when it was corrected for
Owl-current and documented as a security fix in the system-wide change
log available at:

http://www.openwall.com/Owl/CHANGES.shtml

The same glibc package update also fixes a very similar but different
calloc(3) integer overflow possibility that is currently not known to
allow for an attack on a particular application, but has been patched
as a proactive measure. The Sun RPC xdr_array(3) overflow may allow
for passive attacks on mount(8) by malicious or spoofed NFSv3 servers
as well as for both passive and active attacks on RPC clients or
services that one might install on Owl. (There're no RPC services
included with Owl.)

RedHat Inc.

Red Hat distributes affected packages glibc and Kerberos in all Red
Hat Linux distributions. We are currently working on producing errata
packages, when complete these will be available along with our
advisory at the URLs below. At the same time users of the Red Hat
Network will be able to update their systems using the 'up2date' tool.

http://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2002-166.html (glibc)
http://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2002-172.html (Kerberos 5)

SGI

SGI is currently looking into the matter, per:

ftp://patches.sgi.com/support/free/security/advisories/20020801-01-A

Sun Microsystems, Inc.

Sun can confirm that there is a type overflow vulnerability in the
xdr_array(3NSL) function which is part of the network services
library, libnsl(3LIB), on Solaris 2.5.1 through 9. Sun has published
Sun Alert 46122 which describes the issue, applications affected, and
workaround information. The Sun Alert will be updated as more
information or patches become available and is located here:

http://sunsolve.Sun.COM/pub-cgi/retrieve.pl?doc=fsalert%2F46122

Sun will be publishing a Sun Security Bulletin for this issue once all
of the patches are available which will be located at:

http://sunsolve.sun.com/security
_________________________________________________________________

Appendix B. - References

1. Manual entry for xdr_array(3)
2. VU#192995
3. RFC1831
4. RFC1832
5. Sun Alert 46122
6. Security Alert MITKRB5-SA-2002-001-xdr
7. Flaw in calloc and similar routines, Florian Weimer, University of
Stuttgart, RUS-CERT, 2002-08-05
_________________________________________________________________

Thanks to Sun Microsystems for working with the CERT/CC to make this
document possible. The initial vulnerability research and
demonstration was performed by Internet Security Systems (ISS).
_________________________________________________________________

Authors: Jeffrey S. Havrilla and Cory F. Cohen.
______________________________________________________________________

This document is available from:
http://www.cert.org/advisories/CA-2002-25.html
______________________________________________________________________

CERT/CC Contact Information

Email: cert@cert.org
Phone: +1 412-268-7090 (24-hour hotline)
Fax: +1 412-268-6989
Postal address:
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U.S.A.

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Copyright 2002 Carnegie Mellon University.

Revision History
August 05, 2002: Initial release

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