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CA-2003-12 Buffer Overflow in Sendmail
release date: March 29, 2003
revision history can be found at the end of this file.
Pro (all versions)
* Sendmail Switch 2.1 prior to 2.1.6
* Sendmail Switch 2.2 prior to 2.2.6
* Sendmail Switch 3.0 prior to 3.0.4
* Sendmail for NT 2.X prior to 2.6.3
* Sendmail for NT 3.0 prior to 3.0.4
* Systems running open-source sendmail versions prior to 8.12.9,
including UNIX and Linux systems
is a vulnerability in sendmail that can be exploited to cause a
denial-of-service condition and could allow a remote attacker to
execute arbitrary code with the privileges of the sendmail daemon,
is a remotely exploitable vulnerability in sendmail that could
allow an attacker to gain control of a vulnerable sendmail server.
Address parsing code in sendmail does not adequately check the length
of email addresses. An email message with a specially crafted address
could trigger a stack overflow. This vulnerability was discovered by
is different than the one described in CA-2003-07.
have a variety of mail transfer agents (MTAs) at
various locations within their network, with at least one exposed to
the Internet. Since sendmail is the most popular MTA, most
medium-sized to large organizations are likely to have at least one
vulnerable sendmail server. In addition, many UNIX and Linux
workstations provide a sendmail implementation that is enabled and
running by default.
is message-oriented as opposed to
connection-oriented. That means that the vulnerability is triggered
the contents of a specially-crafted email message rather than by
lower-level network traffic. This is important because an MTA that
does not contain the vulnerability will pass the malicious message
along to other MTAs that may be protected at the network level. In
other words, vulnerable sendmail servers on the interior of a network
are still at risk, even if the site's border MTA uses software other
than sendmail. Also, messages capable of exploiting this vulnerability
may pass undetected through many common packet filters or firewalls.
has been successfully exploited to cause a
denial-of-service condition in a laboratory environment. It is
possible that this vulnerability could be used to execute code on some
is tracking this issue as VU#897604. This reference number
corresponds to CVE candidate CAN-2003-0161.
information, please see
latest information about this vulnerability, including the
most recent vendor information, please see
is distinct from VU#398025.
exploitation of this vulnerability may cause a
denial-of-service condition or allow an attacker to gain the
privileges of the sendmail daemon, typically root. Even vulnerable
sendmail servers on the interior of a given network may be at risk
since the vulnerability is triggered by the contents of a malicious
patch from Sendmail, Inc.
has produced patches for versions 8.9, 8.10, 8.11, and 8.12.
However, the vulnerability also exists in earlier versions of the
code; therefore, site administrators using an earlier version are
encouraged to upgrade to 8.12.9. These patches, and a signature file,
are located at
patch from your vendor
include vulnerable sendmail servers as part of their
software distributions. We have notified vendors of this vulnerability
and recorded the statements they provided in Appendix A of this
advisory. The most recent vendor information can be found in the
systems affected section of VU#897604.
the RunAsUser option
is no known workaround for this vulnerability. Until a patch can
be applied, you may wish to set the RunAsUser option to reduce the
impact of this vulnerability. As a good general practice, the CERT/CC
recommends limiting the privileges of an application or service
A. - Vendor Information
contains information provided by vendors for this
advisory. As vendors report new information to the CERT/CC, we will
update this section and note the changes in our revision history. If
particular vendor is not listed below, we have not received their
distributes sendmail in all Red Hat Linux distributions. We
are currently [Mar29] working on producing errata packages to correct
this issue, when complete these will be available along with our
advisory at the URL below. At the same time users of the Red Hat
Network will be able to update their systems using the 'up2date' tool.
Consortium recommends that sites upgrade to 8.12.9
whenever possible. Alternatively, patches are available for 8.9, 8.10,
8.11, and 8.12 on http://www.sendmail.org/.
releases including Sendmail Switch, Sendmail Advanced
Message Server (which includes the Sendmail Switch MTA), Sendmail for
NT, and Sendmail Pro are affected by this issue. Patch information is
available at http://www.sendmail.com/security/.
to Eric Allman, Claus Assmann, Greg Shapiro, and Dave
Anderson of Sendmail for reporting this problem and for their
assistance in coordinating the response to this problem. We also thank
Michal Zalewski for discovering this vulnerability.
Art Manion and Shawn V. Hernan
is available from:
Phone: +1 412-268-7090 (24-hour hotline)
Fax: +1 412-268-6989
CERT Coordination Center
Software Engineering Institute
Carnegie Mellon University
Pittsburgh PA 15213-3890
personnel answer the hotline 08:00-17:00 EST(GMT-5) /
EDT(GMT-4) Monday through Friday; they are on call for emergencies
during other hours, on U.S. holidays, and on weekends.
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2003 Carnegie Mellon University.
29,2003: Initial release
Version: PGP 6.5.8
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